Xhurxhi, I.P. (2020), The early impact of Scotland's minimum unit pricing policy on alcohol prices and sales. Health Economics. doi:10.1002/hec.4156
Abstract: In May 2018, Scotland became the first country in the world to enforce a minimum unit pricing (MUP) of 50 pence ($0.65; €0.55) on alcoholic beverages as a measure to control alcohol consumption and alcohol‐related harms. This study presents early estimates of the impact of MUP on three outcomes: average price per unit (8 gr/10 ml) of alcohol, liters of alcohol sold per adult, and liters of alcohol sold per adult drinker, in three different settings: off‐premise, on‐premise, and both combined. Using yearly alcohol price and sales data from 2011 to 2019, I find that the average price per unit of alcohol has significantly risen post‐MUP across all beverage categories (beer, spirits, wine, cider, and alcohol‐all types), whereas liters of alcohol sold per adult and per adult drinker have significantly reduced for beer, spirits, cider, and alcohol‐all types. For all outcomes, the impact of MUP on off‐premise alcohol prices and sales is more pronounced than under the combined case, while no significant effects are found on‐premise. These results are robust to model specification and to the addition of various control variables. Falsification tests changing the timing of the policy were performed and no significant results were found.
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